Research On the of The Quoted Weak Hadeeth of A’aishah Siddeequa (Radhiallaahu Anha)

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Research On the of The Quoted Weak Hadeeth of A’aishah Siddeequa (Radhiallaahu Anha)

Post by Fundamental on Mon Jun 29, 2009 6:05 pm

Bismillâhi-r-Rahmâni-r-Rahîm

Al-Hamdulillâhi Was-Salâtu Was-Salâmu 'Alâ Rasűlillâh, Wa Ba'd:

As-Salâmu 'Alaikum Wa Rahmatullâhi Wa Barakâtuh


Compiled by
Abu Hibbaan & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari


Introduction
This is another hadeeth utilized by the people of shirk for grave worship and
seeking help from other than Allaah. They use this hadeeth to (falsely) establish
the permissibility of seeking help from the Messenger of Allaah (Sallalahu
Alayhee Was-Sallam).

The Chain
Narrated Abu Nu’maan who heard from Sa’eed bin Zaid who heard from
Amr bin Maalik an-Nukree and it was narrated to him from Abul-Jawzaa
Aws bin Abdullaah who said

The Narration
“The people of Madeenah suffered a very severe drought, so
they complained to A’aishah, so she said, “See the grave of the
Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhee Was-Sallam) and make an opening
in the roof above it, so that there is nothing between it and the
sky.”….”

The Reference
Sunan Daarimee (1/34 no.92), Shaikh al-Albaanee has mentioned (1/43) in his
monumental book at-Tawassul Anwaauhu Wa Ahkaamuhu (pg.126)

The Investigation
The First Narrator
Muhammad bin Fadhal Abu Nu’maan Basree.
Trustworthy but became forget when his memory deteriorated

Muhaddith al-Albaanee said,

“He was trustworthy but then his memory deteriorated at the
end of his life. Al-Haafidh Burhaan ud deen al-Halabee
mentions him amongst those who deteriorated in later life in
his book ‘al-Muqaddimah’ (pg.391) and he says, “The ruling
concerning these people is their narrations are accepted if
reported from them before they started to forget, but the
hadeeth narrated from them after they started to forget are
not accepted or those there are problems with (ie not
knowing if a narrator narrated from them before or after
they started to forget.) then these narrations are to be
rejected.

I say: We do not know if this report was heard by Daarimee
from him before or after his memory deteriorated, so it is
therefore not acceptable, and cannot be used as evidence.”
(Shaikh al-Ghumaree missed this defect in misbaah (pg.43)
just as it was ignored by another (person) in order to give the
impression to the people that this report is authentic.) (See
at-Tawassul Anwaauhu Wa Ahkaamuhu (pg.127)

Haafidh Ibn Hajr said,

“Thiqatun-Thabt (the Affirmed Trustworthy), but he became
forgetful at the end.” (Taqreeb ut-Tahdheeb (no.6266
pg.889)

Ibn Akyaal also mentioned the same in al-Kawaakib an-Neeraat Fee Ma’arifah
Min Ikhtilaat Min Rawaah ath-Thiqaat (pg.52).

Others who said he was highly trustworthy and he started to forget at the end
were from the likes of Imaam Bukhaari, Imaam Abu Dawood, Imaam Nasaa’ee,
Imaam Daarqutnee, Imaams Abu Haatim and Ibn Abee Haatim, Imaam Ibn
Hibbaan, Khateeb Baghdaadee and others. (see Tahdheeb ut-Tahdheeb (9/347-
349 no.6516) of Haafidh Ibn Hajr, Meezaan ul-Ei’tidaal (6/298-299 no.8063) of
Imaam Dhahabee, al-Jarh Wa-Ta’deel (8/58-59 no.267) of Imaam Ibn Abee
Haatim, Taareekh al-Kabeer (1/208 no.654) of Imaam Bukhaari.

The Second Narrator
Sa’eed bin Zaid.

Yahyaa bin Sa’eed said, ”Weak.” Sa’adee said, “He is not evidence
and they say his ahadeeth are weak.” Ahmad said, “No harm in
him, Yahyaa bin Sa’eed would not accept him.” Ibn al-Madeenee
said, “I heard Yahyaa bin Sa’eed say his hadeeth are very weak.” al-
A’ajurree on the authority of Abu Dawood who said, “Yahyaa bin
Sa’eed said, “He is nothing.” Juzjaanee said, “They say his hadeeth
are weak and he is not evidence.” Abu Bakr al-Bazzaar and
Daarqutnee said, “Weak.” (Meezaan (3/203 no.3188), Tahdheeb ut-
Tahdheeb (4/29 no.2405), Kitaab adh-Dhu’afaa Wal-Matrookeen
(1/319 no.1395) of Ibn al-Jawzee, at-Tawassul Anwaauhu Wa
Ahkaamuhu (pg.126).

Imaam Nasaa’ee and Abu Haatim said, “He is not strong.” Abbaas
Dooree said, “I heard Yahyaa ibn Ma’een say, “He is not strong.” I
said, “Are his hadeeth proof.” He replied, “Write his ahadeeth.”
(Meezaan (3/203), Tahdheeb ut-Tahdheeb (4/29), al-Jarh Wat
Ta’deel (4/21 no.87), Kitaab adh-Dhu’afaa Wal-Matrookeen
(1/319), Khulaasah Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (1/379).

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan said,

“He was truthful and a preserver but he would make mistake in
reports and he is not proof in the reports he is alone in reporting.”
(Kitaab al-Majrooheen Minal Muhadditheen (1/401-402 no.388)

Imaam Dhahabee said,

“He is not strong.” (al-Kaashif (1/361). He is also weak according
to al-Kaamil (3/1212)

Haafidh Ibn Hajr said in Taqreeb,

“Truthful but makes mistakes.” (Taqreeb ut-Tahdheeb pg.378
no.2325)

Haafidh Ibn Hajr also brings statements from the Scholars of hadeeth saying he
was also trustworthy (Tahdheeb ut-Tahdheeb (4/29 no.2405).

The Third Narrator
Amr bin Maalik an-Nukree
Concerning him Haafidh Ibn Hajr said,

“Truthful, but was forgetful.” (Taqreeb ut-Tahdheeb (no.5139
pg.744)

The Fourth Narrator
Abul-Jawzaa Aws bin Abdullaah
Haafidh Ibn said,

“He would do a lot or Irsaal (ie omit narrators.), trustworthy.”
(Taqreeb ut-Tahdheeb (no. 582 pg.155)

Imaam Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said,

“As for the narration from A’aishah that mentions the
making of the opening in the roof over the (prophets) grave
so that it would rain, then this narration is not authentic nor
is its chain established.” (Kitaab Radd Alal-Bakree (pg.68)


Compiled by the weak slaves of Allaah, in need of your supplications.
Abu Hibbaan & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
Maktabah Ashaabul-Hadeeth, Birmingham UK.
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